Plagiarism

Plagiarism

► Is the act of stealing someone`s ideas or words and passing them off as ones`s own.
The explosion of electronic content and the growth of the web have made it easy to cut and paste paragraphs into term papers and other documents without proper citation or quotation marks. To
compound the problem, hundreds of online enable users to download entire term papers. Although some sites post warnings that their services should be used for research purpose only.

Despite school codes of ethics that clearly define plagiarism and prescribe penalties ranging from no credit on a paper to expulsion, many students still do not understand what constitutes plagiarism. Some students believe that all electronic content is in the public domain.

List of some actions that schools can take to combat student plagiarism:

■ Help students understand what constitutes plagiarism and why they need to properly cite sources

■ Show students how to document a web pages and materials from online database.

■ Make clear to students that instructors are aware of Internet paper mills.

■ Incorporate detection software and services into a comprehensive anti-plagiarism program.

Plagiarism is stealing someone`s works! Please
Don’t Plagiarize! It’s Bad!!!

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Defamation and Hate Speech

Hate speech
◄ Is any communication which disparages a person or a group on the basis of some characteristic such as race or sexual orientation. In law, hate speech is any speech, gesture or conduct, writing, or display which is forbidden because it may incite violence or prejudicial action against or by a protected individual or group, or because it disparages or intimidates a protected individual or group. The law may identify a protected individual or a protected group by race, gender, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, or other characteristic.

Defamation
◄ Is the issuance of a false statement about another person, which causes that person to suffer harm. defamation is the issuance of a false statement about another person, which causes that person to suffer harm.

For example, AOL has documented a set of standards it calls the AOL Community Guidelines.
AOL states clearly that is not responsible for any failure or delay in removing material that violates these standards. To become an AOL subscriber, you must agree to follow these guidelines and acknowledge that AOL has the right to enforce them in its sole discretion. Thus, if you or anyone using your account violates the AOL Community Guidelines, AOL may take actions against your account, ranging from issuing a warning to terminating your account.

The AOL Community Guidelines state the following in regard to the use of hate speech:

“Do not use hate speech. Hate speech is unacceptable, and AOL reserves the right to take appropriate action against any account using the service to post, transmit,promote,distribute or facilitate distribution of content intended to victimize, harass,degrade, or intimidate an individual or group on the basis of age,disability, ethnicity, gender, race, religion or sexual orientation.

In Addition..

• In 2002, Varian Medical System won a $775,000 verdict in a defamation and harassment lawsuit against two former employees who posted thousands of messages to a wide variety of online message boards accusing Varian Managers of being homophobic and discriminating against pregnant women.

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Reaction to Export of Personal Data

Export of Personal Data, have developed guidelines to ensure that the flow of personal data across national boundaries does not result in the unlawful storage. the abuse or unauthorized disclosure of such data.

Export of Personal Data has two sets of guidelines
►Organization for economic Co-operation and Development Fair Information Practices(1980)
►European Union Data Protection

Organization for economic Co-operation and Development Fair Information Practices(OECD)

■ an international organization consisting of 30 member countries worldwide including large countries like United Kingdom, Australia, Italy, Japan, United States and etc.
■ Its goal is to set policy and come to agreement on topics for multilateral is necessary for individual countries to make progress in a global economy.

European Union Data Protection(EU)

■ This guidline is only exclusive to the western europe
■ EU requires any company doing business within a border of 15 western European nations for implement a set of privacy directives on the fair and appropriate use of info.
■The directive requires member countries to ensure that data transferred to non-European Union countries is protected.

This paragraph discuss Binding Corporate Rules(BCR) and data transfer.

On 1 October 2008, 9 data protection authorities agreed to a mutual recognition arrangement. Then, on 10 December 2008 a further 4 data protection authorities joined the arrangement, making a total of thirteen. The thirteen are Cyprus, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain and the UK. The intention is that all these data protection authorities commit to agree a BCR application, once the lead authority has approved it.

In some jurisdictions the applicant will still need to submit an application for its data exports to be authorised. However, participating data protection authorities should authorise the BCRs as a matter of course.

There are, however, still some differences of approach within the thirteen: some authorities have clearly committed to follow the lead authority’s view; others consider themselves to be working towards such a position. We will, therefore, have to wait and see how this works in practice. A number of BCR applications are about to be submitted on this basis, so within weeks we may see the impact of this new process.

In Addition..

Binding Corporate Rules

In 2003, procedures were established to allow organisations to transfer personal information using “binding corporate rules”. These form a binding code of practice for a multinational to protect its personal information. The Information Commissioner’s Office in the UK gave the first approval on this new basis in 2005. However, since then progress has been slow, with only a few further approvals in the UK and other jurisdictions. One of the key concerns for organisations looking to use BCRs is the process of national approval of the BCRs. One authority receives the application (the lead authority) and obtains and circulates the comments of all relevant authorities. Responding to these comments can be time consuming and frustrating.

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Noynoy`s Sona

President elect Benigno Noynoy Aquino III is scheduled to deliver his State Of the Nation Address before a joint session of Congress this year, 2010.

It is expected that president Noynoy Aquino will discuss his promises to the watchful Filipinos and to the observing foreign countries. His SONA is more expected to be focus on corruption matters among government officials.

These are some of the agenda of President Noynoy Aquino.

-spell out the realities that he inherited from the Arroyo administration
– what his administration intends to do to those inherited problems
– discuss national budget
– programs to wipe out corruption and alleviate poverty
– solution to extrajudicial killings

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